Ferro boron is manufactured by the carbothermic reduction of boric acid together with low carbon steel using single phase arc furnace technology, then crushed to specific size requirements. Ferro boron is used in applications for amorphous metals, magnet alloys (NdFeB), and steels.
Nickel boron is manufactured by the reduction of boric acid together with high purity nickel. The requirements for low carbon can be met by the production of two special grades of NiB, with the process carefully controlled to reduce the residual levels of carbon. Nickel boron is used for applications in the hardfacing and superalloy industries.